Geranium Oil: A Scent Elixir with a Variety of Uses

Preface: Geranium Oil

Geranium oil is a natural product derived from the leaves of Pelargonium graveolens, a plant native to South Africa. It has antioxidantantibacterialanti-inflammatoryantimicrobial, and astringent properties that may help treat various health conditions, such as acne, edema, nasal vestibulitis, infection, neurodegenerative disease, menopause, stress, shingles pain, and more. Geranium oil is widely used as an ingredient in perfumes and cosmetics. It is also used in aromatherapy to treat several health conditions. In aromatherapy, essential oils are inhaled using a diffuser or diluted with carrier oils and applied to the skin for soothing benefits. Researchers have examined the benefits of geranium essential oil in several human and animal studies. It’s thought to have antioxidant, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, and astringent properties.

Diseases Which Can Be Cured By Using Geranium Oil

Geranium essential oil may be beneficial for the following conditions:

  • Acne, dermatitis, and inflammatory skin conditions: Geranium oil’s antibacterial, antimicrobial, and antiseptic properties make it beneficial for reducing acne breakouts, skin irritation, and skin infections when applied topically. Geranium essential oil’s anti-inflammatory properties also make it beneficial for several inflammatory conditions, including those affecting the skin.
  • Edema: An animal study found that the anti-inflammatory properties of geranium essential oil may be helpful for edema-related swelling in the legs and feet. Anecdotal evidence indicates that adding geranium essential oil to bath water may be a good way to treat this condition. More research is needed to investigate the effects of geranium essential oil on edema.
  • Nasal vestibulitis: Nasal vestibulitis is an uncomfortable condition associated with cancer drug treatment. A small observational study and anecdotal evidence suggest geranium essential oil may ease nasal symptoms caused by this condition, such as bleeding, scabbing, pain, dryness, and sores. For the study, geranium essential oil was mixed with sesame oil and used as a nasal spray in women undergoing chemotherapy for breast cancer.

It is important to note that essential oils should be used with caution and under the guidance of a medical professional.

I. Origins in Botany:

The Pelargonium genus, also referred to as geranium plants, contains several species from which geranium oil is extracted. Their fragrant leaves and vibrant, multicolored flowers set these plants, which are native to places like South Africa, apart. The two species, Pelargonium odoratissimum and Pelargonium graveolens, are most frequently utilized for oil extraction.

II. Methods of Extraction:

The leaves and petals of the geranium plant are usually steam-distilled to extract the essential oil. This methodical procedure entails condensing the steam into a liquid after it has passed through the plant material and captured any volatile components. The end product is a fragrant, concentrated oil that has a complex mix of several health-promoting substances.

III. Profile of Aroma:

The scent of geranium oil is sweet and flowery, with a tinge of citrus and earthiness. Its complex aroma makes it a popular choice in perfumery, where it’s frequently added to fragrances to give them depth and harmony. It is also a favorite for aromatherapy due to its pleasant perfume, which encourages relaxation and a sense of well-being.

IV. Medicinal Applications:

1. **Skincare:** Geranium oil is well known for its benefits to the skin. It is appropriate for both dry and oily skin types because it is thought to help balance oil production. Its antibacterial and anti-inflammatory qualities may also improve skin health and help with the treatment of skin disorders.

2. Use of aromatherapy In aromatherapy, geranium oil’s calming scent is frequently used to encourage relaxation and lessen tension. Because it is believed to have mood-balancing properties, diffusers, massages, and bath oils frequently employ it.

3. Repellent for Insects: Because geranium oil has an insect-repelling aroma, it’s a safe and natural substitute for insect repellents that include chemicals. It can be added naturally to household items or used for personal use as an insect deterrent.

4. Hair Maintenance: Because geranium oil can balance the production of oil on the scalp and enhance the general health of the hair, it is occasionally included in hair care products.

V. Folk and Traditional Medicine:

Traditional medicine has long used geranium oil. Its capacity to heal wounds and have anti-inflammatory and antibacterial qualities has led to its use in many civilizations. It has also been linked to advantages like pain reduction and hormone balance, although additional studies are required to support these claims.

VI. Safety Points to Remember:

Even though geranium oil is usually regarded as safe for topical application when diluted, it is crucial to carry out a patch test and follow the recommended dilution procedures. Before using essential oils, those who are pregnant or who have certain medical issues should speak with a healthcare provider.

VII. Can we make our geranium oil at home?

Yes, you can make your geranium oil at home. However, the process of making geranium oil is quite complex and requires a lot of time and effort. Here are some general steps to make geranium oil using steam distillation:

  1. Harvest the leaves: Collect fresh leaves from the Pelargonium graveolens plant species. Make sure to use only healthy leaves and avoid any damaged or diseased ones.
  2. Wash the leaves: Rinse the leaves thoroughly with water to remove any dirt or debris.
  3. Dry the leaves: Spread the leaves out on a clean towel and let them dry in the sun for a few hours. This will help to remove any excess moisture from the leaves.
  4. Prepare the still: Fill the still with water and place it on a heat source. Bring the water to a boil.
  5. Add the leaves: Once the water is boiling, add the leaves to the still. Make sure that the leaves are completely submerged in the water.
  6. Distill the oil: Allow the leaves to steam for several hours until the oil has been extracted. The oil will float on top of the water and can be collected using a pipette or other extraction tool.
  7. Filter the oil: Once the oil has been collected, filter it through a cheesecloth or coffee filter to remove any impurities.

Please note that the above steps are just a general guideline, and the actual process of making geranium oil may vary depending on the equipment and materials used. It is also important to note that the yield of geranium oil is quite low, around 0.15% to 0.2%. Therefore, it may be more practical to purchase geranyl oil from a reputable supplier.


Botanical extracts offer numerous advantages, as geranium oil demonstrates with its pleasing scent and adaptable uses. Its historical significance and current popularity demonstrate the continuing appeal of this aromatic elixir, which is used in cosmetics and aromatherapy. Geranium oil continues to be a fascinating addition to the world of essential oils, providing a fragrant trip into overall well-being and sensory delight, while research into its possible medicinal benefits is still ongoing.


(I) What are the side effects of using geranium oil?

When used correctly, geranium oil is considered safe for most people to use. Some people may experience a rash or burning sensation when using it on the skin. Never use any essential oil on the skin unless it’s diluted with a carrier oil. If you experience any adverse reactions, discontinue use immediately and consult a medical professional. It is important to note that essential oils should be used with caution and under the guidance of a medical professional.

(II) What are some carrier oils that can be used with geranium oil?

Geranium oil can be diluted with a carrier oil, such as sesame oil, jojoba oil, coconut oil, or olive oil. Carrier oils are used to dilute essential oils before they are applied to the skin. They help to reduce the risk of skin irritation and also help to spread the essential oil over a larger area. When using geranium oil, it is important to dilute it with a carrier oil before applying it to the skin. The recommended ratio is 3 drops of geranium oil to 1 teaspoon of carrier oil. It is important to note that essential oils should be used with caution and under the guidance of a medical professional.

(IV) How long does it take to produce geranium oil using steam distillation?

The process of extracting geranium oil from the leaves of Pelargonium graveolens plant species using steam distillation takes around 3 to 4 hours. During the process, steam is passed through the plant material, which causes the oil to evaporate. The steam and oil vapors are then condensed and collected separately, with the oil floating on top of the water. The oil is then separated from the water and filtered to remove any impurities. The yield of geranium oil is around 0.15% to 0.2%.

(V) How is the quality of geranium oil determined?

The quality of geranium oil is determined by several factors, including the species of Pelargonium plant used, the geographic location where the plant was grown, the time of year when the plant was harvested, and the method of extraction. The purity of the oil can also affect its quality. To check the purity of geranium oil, you can put one drop of the oil on a piece of paper and wait for 30 to 45 minutes. If the oil leaves an oil or grease ring, it may be a sign of an unclean product.


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